Indian painting had its modern art moment started in Kolkata. It did start in the late nineteenth century.
India’s old traditional painting mediums were slowly dying out in the mid-nineteenth century in Bengal. It was at the same time, a new school of arts was started.
These schools were mostly influenced by Europeans. This is when legends of Indian art like Raja Ravi Varma started using the techniques from the Western part of the world. The initial work was made with the help of Western methods like oil painting and easel painting. These paintings also explained about Western traditions.
The Bengal School of Art was a foundation based to revive the rich cultural heritage of India. Santiniketan school kept alive the traditions of rural folks and rural life via their paintings.
Introduction of Western Art
The princely states of India were the biggest bet for European artist. Mainly, due to the fact that there was a lot of appreciation of the visual and performing arts.
This led to artists from European land to come to India in search of Fortune and Fame.
This led to the entry of Oil and Easel Painting in India.
About Raja Ravi Varma
He was a self-taught painter and one of the legends of Indian art. He is also known to create the best fusion work. This is where he described Indian traditions via Western techniques. It is also known that the work of Raja Ravi Varma led to building Indian National Consciousness. His work promoted Indian civilization. He also won his first award in 1873 in Vienna Art Exhibition.